What is Supercritical Steam

What is Supercritical Steam

Supercritical “steam” is actually supercritical water, because at supercritical pressures fluid is considered as a single-phase substance. However, this term is widely (and incorrectly) used in the literature in relation to supercritical “steam” generators and turbines.

See also: Supercritical Water

Supercritical Water

Phase diagram of water
Phase diagram of water.
Source: wikipedia.org CC BY-SA

At pressure, that is higher than the critical pressure,  water is in special state, that is known as supercritical fluid state. A supercritical fluid is a fluid that is at pressures higher than its thermodynamic critical values. At the critical and supercritical pressures a fluid is considered as a single-phase substance in spite of the fact that all thermophysical properties undergo significant changes within the critical and pseudocritical regions.

See also: Critical Point of Water

See above:

Supercritical Water