Avogadro’s Constant – Avogadro’s Number

Avogadro’s Number

In tribute to Avogadro, also the number of particles (atoms, molecules, ions or other particles) in 1 mole of a substance:

6.022×1023

It was named after Avogadro as the Avogadro constant or Avogadro number. The Avogadro constant is one of the seven SI base units and represented by NA.

The Avogadro’s Law can be used for comparing the same substance under two different sets of conditions:

V1 / n1 = V2 / n2

Molar Volume of Gases

One of the most practical results of this law is the molar volume of a gases, Vm, which is about:

Vm = 22.4 dm3 / mol

It means, at standard temperature (273.15 K, 0°C) and standard atmospheric pressure (101.325 kPa) the molar volume is the same for all ideal gases. Note that, it is under the ideal gas assumption. This value is strongly dependent on the pressure and the temperature. For example:

  • for 273.15 K (0°C) and 100.00 kPa, the molar volume of an ideal gas is 22.71 dm3.mol−1.
  • for 298.15 K (25°C) and 100.00 kPa, the molar volume of an ideal gas is 24.79 dm3.mol−1.
 
References:
Reactor Physics and Thermal Hydraulics:
  1. J. R. Lamarsh, Introduction to Nuclear Reactor Theory, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA (1983).
  2. J. R. Lamarsh, A. J. Baratta, Introduction to Nuclear Engineering, 3d ed., Prentice-Hall, 2001, ISBN: 0-201-82498-1.
  3. W. M. Stacey, Nuclear Reactor Physics, John Wiley & Sons, 2001, ISBN: 0- 471-39127-1.
  4. Glasstone, Sesonske. Nuclear Reactor Engineering: Reactor Systems Engineering, Springer; 4th edition, 1994, ISBN: 978-0412985317
  5. Todreas Neil E., Kazimi Mujid S. Nuclear Systems Volume I: Thermal Hydraulic Fundamentals, Second Edition. CRC Press; 2 edition, 2012, ISBN: 978-0415802871
  6. Zohuri B., McDaniel P. Thermodynamics in Nuclear Power Plant Systems. Springer; 2015, ISBN: 978-3-319-13419-2
  7. Moran Michal J., Shapiro Howard N. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2006, ISBN: 978-0-470-03037-0
  8. Kleinstreuer C. Modern Fluid Dynamics. Springer, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4020-8670-0.
  9. U.S. Department of Energy, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW. DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Volume 1, 2 and 3. June 1992.

See above:

Gas Laws