Radioactive waste is any waste that contains radioactive material. Radioactive (or nuclear) waste is a byproduct from nuclear reactors, fuel processing plants, hospitals, various industrial applications and research facilities. Radioactive waste is hazardous to most forms of life and the environment, and is regulated by government agencies in order to protect human health and the environment.
Industrial waste can contains alpha, beta, neutron or gamma emitters. Gamma emitters are used in many industrial uses such as radiography, which is a method of non-destructive testing where many types of manufactured components can be examined to verify the internal structure and integrity of the specimen. Neutron emitting sources are used in a range of applications, such as oil well logging.