Principles of Nuclear Fission
In general, the neutron-induced fission reaction is the reaction, in which the incident neutron enters the heavy target nucleus (fissionable nucleus), forming a compound nucleus that is excited to such a high energy level (Eexcitation > Ecritical) that the nucleus splits into two large fission fragments. A large amount of energy is released in the form of radiation and fragment kinetic energy.
Moreover and what is crucial, the fission process may produce 2, 3 or more free neutrons and these neutrons can trigger further fission and a chain reaction can take place. In order to understand the process of fission, we must understand processes, that occur inside the nucleus to be fissioned. At first, the nuclear binding energy must be defined.